Cardiology is a medical specialty dealing with the prevention, diagnosis, care and rehabilitation of patients with diseases of the cardiovascular system. The cardiologist is an expert in diagnosis and management of all aspects of cardiovascular disease.


    Pediatric Cardiology is the branch of medicine concerned with the study of congenital heart defects, acquired heart diseases and abnormalities of the systemic and pulmonary circulation of the fetus, the newborn, children and young adults.




    Cardiac surgery is the specialty of surgery that deals with diseases of the pericardium, heart and great vessels. It concerns everything that relates to the diagnosis and surgical treatment of patients with cardiovascular disorders.



    Colorectal surgery is a surgical subspecialty concerned to screening, diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the colon, rectum and anus in adults.



    General surgery encompasses the principles and safe and effective surgical techniques that apply to any part of the body of a surgery regardless of age. General surgery is ultimately the mother discipline of all surgical specialties. She is primarily interested in the digestive tract, trauma and intensive care, diseases of the endocrine system and breast to cancer surgery and endoscopy. According to the training he followed, the specialist in general surgery can, for personal interest or in the circumstances, restrict or extend its practice to diseases or injuries that affect virtually any body system.




    Oncology General Surgery is the branch of surgery concerned with the study of diagnosis and treatment of cancer. General Surgeons oncologists are part of the multidisciplinary team and interprofessional that provides care for people with cancer and they have specialized training and expertise in oncology, and are interested in this field.



    Pediatric general surgery is a field of medicine that focuses on a wide range of diseases and malformations, operative and non-operative, which extend from the fetal period to the end of adolescence. In addition to the areas and (or) systems of the body covered by the general surgery, pediatric general surgery also deals with non -cardiac chest diseases and genitourinary specific pediatric and gynecological problems.



    The Greek roots of the word " orthopedics " two words together , "ortho " which means " right " and " paidos " which means "child." Thus, the responsibility of the orthopedic surgeon essentially proves the promotion and functional correction of the musculoskeletal system, not only in children, but more broadly, any patient.




    Plastic surgery is the branch of surgery whose main purpose is the treatment of substance losses and complex lesions in composite tissue. The word "plastic" comes from the Greek word " plastikos " which means " shape " or " shape ".




    Thoracic surgery is the branch of surgery concerned with the study of congenital and acquired diseases of the chest wall , mediastinum , lung , trachea , pleura , esophagus and diaphragm.




    Vascular surgery is the branch of surgery interested in the diagnosis and management of congenital and acquired diseases affecting the circulatory systems , or arterial , venous and lymphatic . The latter excludes intrinsic vessels of the heart and intracranial vessels




    Dermatology is the branch of medicine devoted to the study and clinical management of disease states and healthy skin conditions, skin appendages and visible mucous membranes.




    Endocrinology and Metabolism is the branch of medicine that deals with the study of diseases of the endocrine organs , disorders of hormonal systems and organs that they influence and disorders of the metabolic pathways of glucose and lipids. It includes the evaluation of patients with such disorders and the use of laboratory methods for the diagnosis and monitoring of therapy. It includes knowledge of endocrine physiology , in particular with regard to the normal control of secretion and action of hormones .




    Gastroenterology is the medical subspecialty that focuses on the investigation , diagnosis and treatment of digestive diseases , including pancreatic and liver. It extends separately to the child and the adult and therefore requires , in these two disciplines , different technical knowledge and skills. In some ways, these two disciplines overlap at the time of adolescence .




    Pathology is the medical laboratory industry who is interested in the study of morphological aspects of disease. This branch includes sub domains of cytopathology , gynecological pathology, dermatopathology of gastrointestinal pathology , cardiovascular pathology , respiratory pathology, musculoskeletal pathology , renal pathology, genitourinary pathology, endocrine pathology, ophthalmic pathology , pathology of the head and neck, neuropathology , pediatric pathology and forensic pathology, and certain laboratory methods such as immunohistochemistry , immunofluorescence, in situ hybridization, flow cytometry , molecular pathology and electron microscopy.




    Hematology is the branch of medicine dealing with the clinical evaluation and laboratory diagnosis and medical treatment of blood diseases and blood-forming tissues.




    The Pediatric Hematology / Oncology is the branch of medicine devoted to the diagnosis and treatment of infants , children and adolescent cancer holders and non-malignant diseases of the blood and blood-forming tissues. The specialist in Pediatric Hematology / Oncology acquired the essential medical and technical knowledge to prevention efforts , diagnosis and management of a wide range of cancer types and non- malignant diseases of the blood of infancy, the childhood and adolescence , and master the knowledge and medical techniques that involves the hematopoietic stem cells. The specialist, ensures the best conditions of clinical care in Pediatric Hematology / Oncology , and hematopoietic stem cells in newborn , child and adolescent ,




    Immunology studies the normal and abnormal immune reactions (pathological ) . It examines , among others, the reactions in the body by injecting an antigen. The allergy study all the clinical and laboratory manifestations that pertain to allergy and its treatment. Their combination treat immune system problems and allergies.




    The medical specialty of Infectious Diseases is interested in human diseases caused par micro -organisms of . AAR diseases cross the usual boundaries of organs and systems of the human body , Sort That the infectious disease specialist Must Be Ready to Engage of its heuristics , What What Either the affected part of the body. Infectious diseases remain the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the world of .




    Nephrology is the branch of medicine concerned with the care of patients with kidney disease disorders of the metabolism of fluids and electrolytes.




    The specialist is a specialist physician who sees the diagnosis and treatment of a wide range of diseases in adults and has particular expertise in the management of patients with undifferentiated or multi-system diseases. The internist treats inpatients and outpatients .




    Nuclear medicine is a branch of medical practice devoted primarily to the use of unsealed radioactive sources for the study , diagnosis and treatment of diseases. These agents emit different forms of radiation , including photons, positrons , negative beta particles and alpha rays.




    Physical medicine and rehabilitation is the branch of medicine devoted to the diagnosis, medical treatment and rehabilitation of all patients , regardless of age , patients with neuromusculoskeletal pathologies and holders of skeletal related disabilities.




    Neurosurgery is the specialty of surgery devoted to the diagnosis, the surgical and non- surgical management of congenital anomalies , injuries and diseases affecting the nervous system , its blood supply and related structures.




    Neurology is the medical specialty that focuses on the health of the nervous system and its disorders. The neurologist is an expert in prevention, diagnosis and patient management in dealing with a disease of the nervous system.




    The Obstetrics and Gynecology is the branch of medicine that deals with the health of the woman and her reproductive system. This specialization develops medical knowledge and skills , surgical, obstetrical and gynecological necessary to prevent, diagnose, treat and manage a wide range of disorders affecting the female aspects of health and reproduction .




    Medical oncology is a medical subspecialty dealing with the study , research, diagnosis and medical treatment of neoplastic diseases.




    Ophthalmology is the specialty that deals with the detection, diagnosis and treatment of optical disorders , diseases and medical and surgical disorders of the eye, its adjacent structures , as well as the visual system and its routes.




    The Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery is the branch of surgery that is interested in screening, diagnosis and treatment of medical and surgical disorders of the ear , upper respiratory and digestive systems and related structures head , face and neck, including the sense of hearing , balance , taste and olfaction .




    Pediatrics is the specialized branch of medicine that focuses on the whole child , including the study of care , growth , development and diseases that occur from birth to the end of adolescence and opportunities for the child until adulthood , it can realize its full potential. The pediatrician is the specialist in child health , diagnosis and management of a wide range of conditions based on sound knowledge of the normal development of the child 's normal growth and the wide range clinical disorders specific to children .




    Pulmonology , both in adults than in children , is a medical subspecialty dealing with the study , diagnosis and the treatment of sick and healthy respiratory system, and prevention of respiratory diseases.




    Radiation therapy is a treatment to destroy cancer cells . Using radiation, it blocks cell proliferation system without affecting the healthy tissue. Radiation therapy is the most widely used treatment with surgery to cure all forms of cancer and arrive , often alone , to a total remission of the disease . Radiation therapy can be performed as outpatient outside of a hospital and gives much less side effects than chemotherapy.




    Radiology is the branch of medicine concerned with the use of imaging techniques to study , diagnose and treat diseases.




    Rheumatology is the medical specialty that is the assessment and treatment of patients with rheumatic problems , musculoskeletal and autoimmune . Pediatric patients are often cared for by paediatricians with a subspecialty in pediatric rheumatology. In adults, Rheumatologists are internists with a subspecialty in rheumatology.




    Urology is the surgical branch of medicine concerned with the study , diagnosis and treatment in adults and children , anomalies and diseases of the genitourinary system of man and the ways urine of women.


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